It can be roughly divided into three on account of the variance in elevation.
The average temperature is around 27 C, but cool and misty conditions can be found in the hilly areas (approx. May is considered the hottest period as it comes just before the start of the Monsoon rains.
The country is affected by two seasonal monsoons – the south-west monsoon (May – July) where rains are concentrated in the western, southern and central regions, and the north-east monsoon (December & January) bringing rains to the northern and eastern parts.
There is a tribe of people living in the Central, Uva and North-Eastern areas of the country called the Veddas or Wanniyala-Aetto, who are possible descendants of the Balangoda Man.
Sri Lanka was ruled by a monarchy in ancient times, the Sinha Royal dynasty in particular, which reigned for over 2000 years.
For an island so small, Sri Lanka has an amazing diversity of climatic and weather patterns.
Sri Lanka has a typical tropical climate with sunshine and warmth the norm, in other words – there is nothing that can be called an ‘off season’ in the land.The earliest evidence of anatomically modern humans (at ca.34,000BP) has been found in the Fa Hien Cave, and artefacts found therein and in the Batadombalena Cave make it almost certain that they can be considered the first modern people of this island.There is further evidence of salt having been brought from the coast even before 27,000 BP.Sri Lanka has a very ancient history dating back as early as 300,000 BP, where evidence discovered in Iranamadu indicates the colonization of people known as the Balangoda Man, who were Mesolithic Hunter Gatherers.This name has come about because of the human remains of this tribe that were found in the Balangoda area.Anuradhapura was the first capital of the Sinhala Kings.