Mechanism of action of sedating antihistamines

However, they can become so large that they block a child's breathing.

This shows up most prominently at night as a child struggles to breathe as he relaxes with sleep.

Tonsils are collections of lymphoid tissue located on each side of the back of the throat.

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Tonsils trap bacteria and viruses and help produce antibodies and "killer cells" to fight infection. Studies have shown that children without their tonsils do not suffer more frequent infections than children with tonsils. Tonsillitis occurs when the tonsils become infected. Generally under preschool age children develop viral tonsillitis while older children and adults are affected by bacterial infections.

Viruses can also lead to bacterial infections secondarily.

Health problems from diseases of the tonsils and adenoids are among the most common problems in the pediatric population.

Sore throats, upper respiratory infections and associated diseases of the ear account for the greatest number of visits in most pediatric practices.

A tonsillectomy is done when medical and supportive measures are not effective.

This may be done both for recurrent infections or for chronically enlarged tonsils.Viral infections, however, do not respond to antibiotics and are treated by supportive measures alone.TONSILLECTOMY Tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of the tonsils.Common symptoms your child may experience with tonsillitis are: If you looked at your child's throat with a flashlight during an episode of tonsillitis, the tonsils would be red, swollen, and sometimes have a white-yellow exudate on the surface.A throat culture is necessary to diagnose bacterial tonsillitis. Tonsillitis is treated by a combination of relieving a child's symptoms as well as eliminating the infection.Enlarged or swollen tonsils can be normal for many children.